A woman shops for cooking oil made from oil palms at a supermarket in Jakarta.
Unilever, Procter Gamble and Nestle will be hit by Indonesia's plan to ban palm oil exports, according to a report by the world's top food and consumer products companies.
Indonesia is responsible for more than half of the global supply of the edible oil, which is used in everything from cakes, chocolate, margarine and frying fats to cosmetics, soap, shampoo and cleaning products.
It is also important for Ferrero Rocher chocolates and Nutella spread, which give them a smooth texture and longer shelf life.
Here is a summary of how much palm oil companies use, based on the most up-to-date data available:
In 2016, Unilever used about 1 million tons of crude palm oil and its derivatives and about 0.5 million tons of crude palm kernel oil and its derivatives.
It said it was the largest user of physically certified palm oil in the consumer goods industry.
The company didn't give any up-to-date data.
In 2020, the maker of KitKat chocolate bars bought 453,000 tons of palm oil and palm kernel oil, mostly from Indonesia and Malaysia, according to its website.
It uses 88 suppliers from more than 1,600 mills in 21 countries. In its fiscal year 2020 -- 2021, the company used about 605,000 barrels of palm oil and palm kernel oil, as well as their derivatives, according to a company document. It is used in its fabric and home care categories and beauty products.
Its purchases account for about 0.8% of global palm oil production and it sells palm oil byproduct it cannot use. Some 70% of its palm oil is sourced from refineries in Malaysia and Indonesia.
The Oreo cookie maker said it purchases large amounts of palm oil in a securities filing.
It accounts for 0.5% of palm oil consumption in the world, according to its website.
In 2018, Danone purchased 71,000 tons of palm oil.
According to its website, the Italian manufacturer of Nutella sourced 85% of its palm oil supplies from Malaysia and only 9% from Indonesia in the first half of 2021.
L'Oreal uses less than 370 tonnes of palm oil per year, but it purchases derivatives of palm oil and kernel oil equivalent to 71,000 tons per year, according to a 2018 report.